Smoking has become a problem for a large number of people. Most of the time, people between 25 and 40 years old suffer from this addiction. The desire to be yourself in the company, a false idea about the weight of smoking, the myths that cigarettes soothe the nerves and prevent excess weight - these and other reasons cause a teenager or adult to poison themselves with products from thetobacco.
Some people want to quit smoking, but have no willpower or little information about really effective methods to get rid of nicotine addiction. Few people turn to the narcologist, considering this problem as trivial or insoluble.
This article describes the most effective ways to start a healthy lifestyle by quitting smoking on your own.
Nicotine damage to the body
7 million people die from the effects of smoking every year. Not only traditional cigarettes, but also their equivalents: vaporizing, chewing tobacco, hookah, electronic cigarettes, snus and so on, are harmful to the body. Passive smoking is no less dangerous. It is when a person stands near the smoker and inhales the smoke. It is believed that in this way, a person obtains even more carcinogenic substances than the smoker himself.
The most formidable disease that is directly related to tobacco consumption is lung cancer. It takes 250. 000 lives annually. If you smoke from a young age or 20 cigarettes a day, the risk of dying at 35-65 years doubles. Addiction negatively affects all organs, including the fetus of a pregnant woman who smokes. She may have a miscarriage, a premature baby, or a child with pathologies. Bad habits are dangerous for the elderly due to the development of circulatory disorders and cataracts. Passive smokers are also at risk, especially children. They develop diseases like bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma. The fetus, which is in the womb of a smoking mother, also receives toxic substances. In the future, he may suffer from SIDS - Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
If a teenager starts smoking, in the future he may develop a desire for harder drugs. Low-income, uneducated and nervous young people are at risk.
The main substance in cigarettes that causes the most damage to the body is nicotine. It is able to penetrate even the chromosomes and cause their mutations. If such a mutation occurs in the germ cell, the future offspring will suffer, since many of them will have birth defects.
Nicotine starts its way into our body from the mouth and then enters the lungs. From there, through the alveoli, it enters the bloodstream. After the first inhalation, this dangerous substance appears in the tissues of the nervous system in 8 seconds. The concentration of this substance in the blood remains high for another 30 minutes. The vital organs receive the blow: liver, kidneys and lungs.
First, the cells of the central nervous system are stimulated, then - their oppression. Therefore, the person needs to smoke again. A cigarette contains 2 mg of nicotine, and a smoker needs 20 mg to meet his needs. The person receives a short-term stimulating effect and does not think about the dire consequences. Smoking has no benefits, only harm. Blood clots and atherosclerotic plaques are formed from nicotine. All of this leads to heart attacks, strokes.
Nicotine is addictive. Therefore, it is difficult for an experienced smoker to survive the withdrawal syndrome: irritability, insomnia, headache, fatigue. All of this can last up to 2 weeks. Cigarettes serve as a kind of entertainment for addicts. If they decide to quit smoking, they often do not know how to fill their free time and how to stimulate the brain.
Some people do not become addicted to tobacco because the body rejects nicotine. In the first puff, nausea and vomiting occur. If these symptoms are not ignored, there will be an aversion to cigarettes. Others remember “pleasant” sensations in the form of relaxation, excitement, loss of appetite and continue to smoke.
In any case, nicotine intake in the body does not go unnoticed. Diseases will occur in one or more organs. Even the bone tissue softens and osteoporosis occurs. Smokers' voices become low and hoarse, a chronic cough appears. Constant stomach pain is also an effect of nicotine in the gastrointestinal tract.
Cigarettes and their analogues contain other harmful impurities that do less harm to the body. Acetoin causes diseases in the digestive tract and lungs. Diacetyl is used as a flavoring agent and causes chronic bronchitis. Acetylacetone is intended for the chemical industry. Using it internally harms the whole body. In addition to nicotine, several dozen other impurities are present in cigarette smoke, including heavy metals (lead, bismuth, polonium), poisons (hydrocyanic acid, cyanide, arsenic, formaldehyde) and others. Some of them can accumulate in the body, slowly poisoning it.
A person who smokes is easily identified by yellow teeth, a characteristic odor from the mouth, unhealthy facial skin, red eyes. If you look at the lungs, you will see that it is a black, rotten mass.
Anyone who thinks about their health or the people around them should stop smoking. Yes, this is not easy, because addiction develops quickly, but it is possible with certain efforts of will. To do this, the following are some ways that should help you to get rid of a bad habit.
Ways to quit smoking at home
A strong man or an obstinate woman will one day decide to stop smoking forever. The man smokes the last cigarette and no longer touches the tobacco. The support of loved ones and the desire of the addict are important here. You can reward yourself for giving up a bad habit. For example, with the money that went into cigarettes, buy something cool.
If a person stops smoking, he needs substitutes. These products can be seeds, lollipops, sandwiches, nuts. Of course, all foods must be consumed in reasonable quantities so as not to gain excess weight or high sugar.
It is impossible to imagine a healthy lifestyle without sports. Therefore, you should try to devote all your energy and free time to useful exercises. A set of exercises is now available to everyone, for example, as an application on a smartphone.
If you can't stop smoking immediately, you can reduce your dose day after day. At the same time, family members must give maximum assistance: do not stress, do not worry again, do not remember cigarettes. The person must have an incentive for a healthy lifestyle. Some will want to live longer and without disease, others will feel sorry for the finances, because the prices of tobacco products are rising, others will think of their loved ones, who also receive toxic substances.
Smokers who wish to quit will find it helpful to read Allen Carr's book, The Easy Way to Quit Smoking. It contains the author's own techniques. The main idea is to get rid of fear and act decisively.
Proven Traditional Smoke-Free Techniques
Collect bird cherry branches before flowering. Cut them to match size. If you want to smoke, take a piece of bird cherry and chew it. Then spit out that dough. The substances found in bird cherry produce an aversion to the taste of cigarettes. Apply this method for 7 to 10 days and the urge to smoke will pass.
Calamus roots have a similar effect. You can buy it at the pharmacy. This product can be swallowed instead of spit. After the course, there must be an aversion to smoking.
If you don't feel like chewing, you can simply rinse with the following solution: take rhizome of calamus and peppermint in a 6: 3 ratio. Pour a tablespoon of the mixture into a glass of boiling water and insist. Rinse your mouth whenever you feel like smoking.
Another gargling solution: 5 parts of absinthe, 2, 5 parts of milleft, 2, 5 parts of licorice root. Pour a tablespoon of the mixture with a glass of boiling water and leave for 2 hours, then strain.
Herbal teas can be used to soothe and detoxify. The ingredients for cooking can be from the collection itself or from the pharmacy.
4 parts of hawthorn flowers, 2 parts of valerian, 2 parts of peppermint, 2 parts of fennel. Pour 0. 5 liter of boiled water over 3 tablespoons of the mixture and leave for 3 hours. Drink half a glass of infusion 3 times a day. Tea has a calming effect, it has a positive effect on the work of the heart.
4 parts of marshmallow root, 4 parts of mother and stepmother leaves, 2 parts of oregano. Pour 0, 5 liters of boiling water over 3 tablespoons of the collection, leave for 2 hours. Drink a third of a glass 3 times a day. The infusion soothes the nerves and clears the lungs.
4 parts of valerian, 2 parts of cumin, 2 parts of chamomile, 2 parts of hops. Pour 0, 5 liters of boiling water over 2 tablespoons of the mixture and insist. If it is a thermos, the tea will be richer. After 2 hours of infusion, strain and drink a glass at night. This tea relieves nervous tension, helps you sleep well.
Effective medical methods to combat cigarette addiction
Ideally, anyone who decides to quit smoking should consult a psychiatrist-narcologist. The doctor will provide medical assistance, which consists of drug selection and psychological counseling. In especially severe cases, encoding is used.
In pharmacies, there are products sold in the public domain and designed to help get rid of addiction. You need to follow the instructions clearly so that there are no side effects.
There are medications that block nicotinic receptors, helping the body to get rid of the poison more quickly. For example, nicotine medications should be taken only after consulting a doctor, as contraindications are possible. After a short period of ingestion of these pills, in the vast majority of cases, complete weaning of the cigarette occurs.
Modern smoking pills act on the brain and suppress the desire to smoke. It also relieves symptoms that occur with withdrawal.
Nicotine enters the body through the skin in small amounts. This will help those who have difficulty with addiction or are unable to quit smoking at the same time. In the future, it is necessary to cancel the plasters themselves, thus avoiding the persecution of the body.
Sprays for smoking
Contains the same substances as cigarettes, but in a smaller dose. But a person weaned from the sight of cigarettes, then completely ceases to feel the need for them. In addition, sprays are expensive, which means you will not get used to them. This is a help at the beginning.
Contains a small dose of nicotine. Due to the unpleasant taste, it is not addictive, and gradually the person begins to feel aversion to all tobacco products.
The only advantage of this method is that the environment is not contaminated by the smoker. A person inhales the vapor with purified nicotine and thus prevents a serious deterioration in health. Gradually, smoking periods should be reduced and then stopped altogether.
When the reason lies more in the smoker's psychology, then he can receive hypnosis. This is one of the types of coding in which the patient is configured to not smoke.
If a person has found strength and stopped smoking without help, this is very good. The body will undergo a concussion, but there is nothing to worry about. Gradually, all vital functions will return to normal. When an experienced smoker cannot get rid of the disease alone, a qualified specialist will come to your aid. The course of treatment is absolutely safe and the reward will be excellent health and a long life.